AI Used to Safeguard the Democratic Process (The Week in AI, July 6)

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The week’s biggest story came from North America. In Mexico, ahead of what is known as one of the most violently contested electoral campaigns in the world, an AI-powered search tool known as Krzana is being used to monitor fake news and polling station problems. In an effort to combat the increasing levels of violence, the tool will be used to react quickly to propaganda on social media and violence aimed at frightening off voters. The tool has been taught to scan and analyse text, video and stills on social media to spot items and messages that relate to candidates and the election.

This week also marked 70 years since the formation of the much-loved yet beleaguered National Health Service. As the media celebrated the rich history of the NHS, it also championed its future by highlighting the latest development in artificial intelligence (AI), aimed at providing much swifter radiotherapy treatment. Microsoft system InnerEye automatically marks up scans of prostate cancer patients, saving time in treatment. The machine learning software was trained on organs and tumours in scans from past patients. Similar treatments are expected to be implemented in brain tumours imminently. Questions as to whether AI will enhance or diminish the roles of medical professionals linger. Read more here - https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/jul/04/its-going-create-revolution-how-ai-transforming-nhs

News in Brief:

Around Whitehall:

The Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS), the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS), and the Office for Artificial Intelligence has responded to The House of Lords Artificial Intelligence Select Committee’s report, AI in the UK: Ready, willing and able?, which was published in April 2018.

The departmental 41-page response ranges from the ethical use and regulation of AI to its integration into university education.

In relation to possible economic opportunities, the Government said in the response document: “Data trusts could help SMEs pool resources to rationalise access to data and work together to pre-process data – allowing them to compete with more established firms. In so doing, a healthier AI and data business ecosystem could be fostered.”

The Lords report did however receive some critique particularly surrounding the power of big technology companies in the UK, such as Google and Facebook. “The increasing consolidation of power and influence by a select few risks damaging the continuation, and development, of the UK’s thriving home-grown AI start-up sector,” the report said.

The report also highlighted the role the Competition and Markets Authority is seeking to play in the use and monopolisation of data by the big technology companies operating in the UK. The report announced the CMA will build a new technology team to strengthen its ability to keep pace with the use of algorithms, artificial intelligence and big data in business as well as introducing new regulatory initiatives to improve outcome for consumers.

More detail here: https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252444144/Government-welcomes-Lords-AI-report-vaunts-industrial-strategy

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